master's thesis
Socioeconomic status and state of nourishment of school-aged children from the city area of Osijek

Ivana Sović (2016)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Department of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
Metadata
TitleSocioekonomski status i stanje uhranjenosti djece školskog uzrasta s područja grada Osijeka
AuthorIvana Sović
Mentor(s)Ines Banjari (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Djeca nižeg socioekonomskog statusa češće su izložena ekstremima u pogledu nutritivnog statusa (i pretilosti i pothranjenosti) i ukupnog zdravstvenog stanja. Prikazani su rezultati dio bilateralnog znanstvenoistraživačkog projekta između Hrvatske i Crne Gore „Komparativna studija o utjecaju siromaštva na pothranjenost i pretilost, te prehrambene i životne navike školske djece gradova Podgorice i Osijeka“. Prema International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) kriteriju od 375 djece starosti 7 godina s područja grada Osijeka 5,38 % je pothranjeno, 79,03 % je normalne tjelesne mase, 11,02 % je povećane tjelesne mase a 4,57 % pretilo. Prema mjesečnim prihodima 19,26 % obitelji je u riziku od siromaštva no svega 7,8 % ih smatra kako ima nedovoljna mjesečna primanja, za koje je potvrđeno da su neovisni čimbenik rizika za pretilost djeteta. Zaposlenost značajno povećava samoprocjenu pozicije u odnosu na druge u društvu. Roditelji pretile djece se pozicioniraju značajno niže u odnosu na druge u društvu. Potvrđena je povezanost visokog kardiometaboličkog rizika s pretilošću djece (p<0,001) i većim ponderalnim indeksom (PI) (p<0,001). Djeca nižeg PI-a su češće bila pothranjena a djeca višeg PI-a povećane tjelesne mase (p=0,022) u dobi od 7 godina. Djevojčice imaju veći rizik od pothranjenosti, a rizik se smanjuje za 18 % sa svakim jediničnim povećanjem indeksa tjelesne mase (BMI) majke. Potvrđena je povezanost očevog BMI-a sa povećanom tjelesnom masom i pretilošću djece (p<0,001).
Keywordsschool-aged children socioeconomic status nutrition
Parallel title (English)Socioeconomic status and state of nourishment of school-aged children from the city area of Osijek
Committee MembersDarja Sokolić (committee chairperson)
Ines Banjari (committee member)
Đurđica Ačkar (committee member)
Daliborka Koceva Komlenić (committee member)
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Food Technology
Food Safety and Quality
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeFood Science and Nutrition
Academic title abbreviationmag. nutr.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-10-10
Parallel abstract (English)
Children of low socioeconomic status are more prone to extremes in nutritional status (both obesity and undernourishment) and general health status. A part of the results from bilateral scientific project between Croatia and Montenegro „Comparative study on the impact of poverty on underweight and obesity, and dietary and lifestyle habits among schoolchildren in the cities of Podgorica and Osijek“ are shown. According to the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria, out of 375 children aged 7 years from the city area of Osijek 5.38 % are undernourished, 79.03 % normal weighted, 11.02 % overweight and 4.57 % obese. According to monthly family income 19.26 % of families are at risk of poverty, but only 7.8 % of them actually perceives their income as insufficient. Monthly income is confirmed as an independent risk factor for child's obesity. Employment significantly improves self-positioning in the society. Parents of obese child position themselves significantly lower in the society. High cardiometabolic risk correlates significantly with child's obesity (p<0.001) and higher ponderal index (PI) (p<0.001). Children with lower PI were underweight, and children with higher PI overweight (p=0.022) more often at the age of 7. Girls have higher risk of being underweight, and the risk is reduced by 18 % with each body mass index (BMI) unit increase of girl's mother. Father's BMI was confirmed to significantly increases the risk of child's overweight and obesity state (p<0.001).
Parallel keywords (Croatian)djeca školske dobi socioekonomski status prehrana
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:109:211712
CommitterIvana Šuvak