master's thesis
Nutrition and lifestyle habits of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus in the Republic of Croatia

Martina Pavlić (2017)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Department of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
Metadata
TitlePrehrana i životne navike oboljelih od dijabetesa tipa 1
AuthorMartina Pavlić
Mentor(s)Ines Banjari (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Kontrola glikemije oboljelih od dijabetesa tipa 1 (DMT1) ključ je sprječavanja akutnih komplikacija, odgađanja pojave kroničnih komplikacija te utječe na ukupnu kvalitetu života. Edukacija o prehrani bazirana na dijabetičkim jedinicama neophodna je za regulaciju glikemije i sastavni je dio terapije. Cilj rada bio je procijeniti prehrambene i životne navike oboljelih od DMT1 u Republici Hrvatskoj (RH), utjecaj bolesti na kvalitetu života, razinu educiranosti i primjenu naučenih savjeta o prehrani. Opažajno istraživanje provedeno je na oboljelima od DMT1 s područja RH online upitnikom koji je kreiran specifično za potrebe ovog istraživanja. Anketu je ispunio 101 oboljeli prosječne starosti 25 ± 8,9 godina (6 do 50 godina, 22,8 % muškaraca, 77,2 % žena). Zadovoljavajuće vrijednosti HbA1c postiže 49,4 % ispitanika odrasle dobi i 60,0 % djece i adolescenata. Rezultati pokazuju da je s dobi regulacija glikemije lošija (r=-0,249) a istovremeno dolazi do pogoršanja kvalitete prehrane (r=-0,338). Od dijabetičke retinopatije boluje 10,9 % ispitanika, 7,9 % od neuropatije, a 2,0 % ima problema s bubrezima. 30,3 % ispitanika nije zadovoljno edukacijom i ima problema s postizanjem optimalnih vrijednosti HbA1c. Posljedično, ispitanici koji se pridržavaju brojanja jedinica imaju bolju kontrolu glikemije promatrano kroz vrijednost HbA1c (p=0,023). Zabilježen je negativan utjecaj bolesti na društveni život, psihofizičko zdravlje i sveukupnu kvalitetu života oboljelih. Rezultati jasno ukazuju na potrebu stručne i adekvatne edukacije s naglaskom na reedukaciju oboljelih od DMT1.
Keywordsdiabetes nutrition
Parallel title (English)Nutrition and lifestyle habits of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus in the Republic of Croatia
Committee MembersIvica Strelec (committee chairperson)
Ines Banjari (committee member)
Tatjana Bačun (committee member)
Tomislav Klapec (committee member)
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Food Technology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeFood Science and Nutrition
Academic title abbreviationmag. nutr.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2017-04-18
Parallel abstract (English)
Glycemic control in type 1 diabetic patients (DMT1) is the key to prevent acute complications, delay chronic conditions, and influences the overall quality of life. Nutritional education based on diabetic unit counting in necessary to achieve good glycemic control and represents integral part of the therapy. Main objectives of this research were to assess nutritional and lifestyle habits of DMT1 patients in the Republic of Croatia (RC), the degree of impact the disease has on the quality of life, education level and the application of dietary recommendations. An observational study was conducted on DMT1 patients in RC by on-line questionnaire created specifically for the purpose of the present research. Total of 101 DMT1 patients mean age 25 ± 8.9 years (6 to 50 years of age, 22.8 % male, 77.2 % women) completed the questionnaire. Recommended HbA1c is achived by 49.4 % of adult patients and 60.0 % of children and adolescents. Results indicate that with age, HbA1c worsens (r=-0.249) and at the same time, the quality of diet deteriorates (r=-0.338). Diabetic retinopathy is present in 10.9 % DMT1 patients, 7.9 % has neuropathy, and 2.0 % diabetic kidney disease. 30.3 % of DMT1 patients are not satisfied with education about diabetes and have problem achieveing good glycemic control. Consequently, patients that implemented the method of diabetic units counting have better HbA1c (p=0.023). DMT1 negatively affects patients' social life, mental and physical health and the overall quality of life. The results clearly indicate an urgent need for a professional and adequate education, with special emphasis on re-education of DMT1 patients.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)dijabetes prehrana nutricionizam
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:109:550049
CommitterIvana Šuvak