master's thesis
Intake of carbohydrates and incidence of gestotis in pregnant women in the Osijek city area

Gorana Eljuga (2014)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Department of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
Metadata
TitleUnos ugljikohidrata i pojavnost bolesti vezanih uz trudnoću u trudnica s područja grada Osijeka
AuthorGorana Eljuga
Mentor(s)Ines Banjari (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Trudnoća je najvažniji period u životu svake žene praćen brojnim fiziološkim promjenama, tijekom kojeg treba posebnu pozornost posvetiti prehrani koja utječe kako na zdravlje majke tako i na zdravlje djeteta. Unatoč općem uvjerenju da je prehrana tijekom trudnoće adekvatna i okarakterizirana boljim prehrambenim navikama, brojna su istraživanja dokazala suprotno. Uz neadekvatnu prehranu, rizični čimbenici koji mogu dovesti do komplikacija i preranog poroda su visoka dob majke, visok indeks tjelesne mase (BMI) i visok dobitak na masi u trudnoći. Na trudnicama iz Osijeka (Istočna Hrvatska) provedena je randomizirana, obzervacijska, prospektivna longitudinalna studija. Metodom 24-satnog prisjećanja prikupljeni su podaci o kvaliteti prehrane. Žene su podijeljene u dvije skupine: prva skupina su bile žene s normalnim BMI-jem prije trudnoće i visokim dobitkom na masi u trudnoći, a druga skupina žene sa BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 prije trudnoće i visokim dobitkom na masi u trudnoći. Rezultati su pokazali da je prehrana energetski slaba, a unos masti i ugljikohidrata neuravnotežen. Za žene koje su počele trudnoću sa normalnim BMI-jem, veći utjecaj na ishod imala je ravnoteža u unosu specifičnih ugljikohidrata, posebno u prvom tromjesečju. Na ishod trudnoće u žena koje su na početku imale visok BMI, veći utjecaj imao je ukupan unos masti i specifičnih masnih kiselina, posebno u trećem tromjesečju.
Keywordspregnancy nutrition quality macronutrient contribution pregnancy outcomes
Parallel title (English)Intake of carbohydrates and incidence of gestotis in pregnant women in the Osijek city area
Committee MembersInes Banjari
Daliborka Koceva Komlenić
Milena Mandić
Daniela Čačić Kenjerić
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Food Technology
Food Safety and Quality
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeFood Science and Nutrition
Academic title abbreviationmag. nutr
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2014-09-29
Parallel abstract (English)
Pregnancy presents the most important period in every woman's life, partially for the number of physiological adaptations she is going through, partially for the expectance of new life. Diet during pregnancy is considered as one of the most important external factors affecting health of a child further in life. Despite of general belief that nutrition through pregnancy is adequate and is characterized with better nutritional habits, number of research are showing this is not the case. Additionally, unfavourable diet is together with advanced maternal age, high pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), and excessive pregnancy weight gain considered as significant risk factor for adverse pregnancy complications and outcomes, especially in terms of newborn. Randomized, observational, prospective, long-term study encompassed pregnant women from the area of city Osijek, Eastern Croatia. Based on 24-hour dietary record quality of nutrition was assessed for two subgroups of women: the first group of normal pre-pregnancy BMI and excessive pregnancy weight gain, and the second with overweight/obese BMI (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) and excessive weight gain. The results have shown energy deficient diet throughout gestation, characterized with unbalance between intake of fats and carbohydrates. For women starting pregnancy with normal BMI, from the aspect of pregnancy outcomes higher importance has the balance in specific carbohydrates. This is especially emphasized in the first trimester. On the other hand, for women at-risk, who start their pregnancy with overweight/obese BMI, from the aspect of pregnancy outcomes higher importance has the total intake of fats and specific fatty acids, especially during the third trimester.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)trudnoća kvaliteta prehrane unos makronutrijenata ishod trudnoće
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:109:855478
CommitterSanda Hasenay