undergraduate thesis
Functional food in nutrition of patients with celiac disease

Tihana Ostrognjaj (2012)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Department of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
Metadata
TitleFunkcionalna hrana u prehrani oboljelih od celijaklije
AuthorTihana Ostrognjaj
Mentor(s)Milena Mandić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Celijakija ili glutenska enteropatija (GE) je kronična bolest, pretežno proksimalnih dijelova tankog crijeva, koja nastaje zbog neadekvatne imune reakcije u kontaktu s glutenom u genetski predisponiranih osoba. Uklanjanje glutena iz hrane dovodi do nestanka histoloških i kliničkih znakova bolesti, a njegovo ponovno uvođenje uzrokuje recidiv crijevnih histoloških promjena, dok klinički simptomi mogu i izostati. Upravo je zbog toga važno naglasiti kako je jedini lijek za oboljele od celijakije doživotno pridržavanje bezglutenske dijete. Bezglutenska dijeta znači izbjegavanje najmanjih količina glutena u prehrani. Kako bi se liječila celijakija, nužno je iz prehrane isključiti svu hranu koja sadržava pšenicu, ječam, raž i njihove derivate, a konzumiranje zobi i proizvoda ostaju još pod upitnikom. Osim namirnica koje prirodno ne sadrže navedene žitarice, ostale je namirnice potrebno testirati na pristunost glutena te ih obilježiti međunarodnim znakom prekriženog klasa. Osim spomenute terapije, istražuju se i mogućnosti primjene peroralne enzimske terapije, koja bi omogućila povremeno unošenje glutena bez očitovanja kliničkih simptoma celijakije. Zaključno možemo reci da je važno na bolest misliti i u svih suspektnih osoba provesti skrining, a u indiciranim slučajevima i dijagnostički postupak, čime će se kratkoročno i dugoročno poboljšati zdravlje pojedinaca, ali i smanjiti broj neotkrivenih bolesnika u uvjetima neprovođenja skrininga u širokoj populaciji.
Keywordsceliac disease gluten–free diet gluten functional food supplementation
Parallel title (English)Functional food in nutrition of patients with celiac disease
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Food Technology
Food Safety and Quality
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeFood Technology
Academic title abbreviationuniv. bacc. ing. techn. aliment.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2012-09-19
Parallel abstract (English)
Celiac disease or gluten enteropathy (GE) is a chronic disease. Occurring in mainly proximal parts of the small intestine, which occurs due to inadequate immune reaction in contact with gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. Removing gluten from food leads to retrieval of histological and clinical signs of the disease. Its reintroduction causes recurrent intestinal histological changes, while clinical symptoms may be absent. Therefore, it is important to highlight that the only cure for celiac disease is a lifelong compliance to glutenfree diet. A gluten-free diet means avoiding the smallest amount of gluten in the diet. In order to treat celiac disease, it is necessary to exclude from diet all foods that contain wheat, barley, rye, oats and their derivatives. Except for the foods that do not naturally contain these grains, all otrher foods need to be tested for the gluten presence, and have to be marked with the international symbol of crossed wheat. Besides the above mentioned therapy, possibilities of oral enzyme therapy are extensively researched. That therapy would allow the occasional introduction of gluten without manifestation of clinical symptoms of celiac disease. We can conclude that it is important to think of the disease in all suspected persons, which should undergo screening, while in cases diagnostic procedures should be performed. This would have both, the short-term and the long-therm effect on health of the patient, and also reduce the number of undetected patients in terms of failure to implement screening in the general population.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)celijakija bezglutenska dijeta gluten funkcionalna hrana dodaci prehrani
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:109:381838
CommitterIvana Šuvak