undergraduate thesis
Nutrition of sportsmen

Marija Banović (2014)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Department of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
Metadata
TitlePrehrana sportaša : završni rad
AuthorMarija Banović
Mentor(s)Milena Mandić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Za obavljanje tjelesne aktivnosti potrebne su nam osnovne hranjive tvari kao što su ugljikohidrati i masti koji služe kao gorivo, zatim proteini za izgradnju i održavanje mišićne mase, vitamini i minerali kao podrška metabolizmu i izgradnji tkiva, te voda kao medij u kojem se odvija metabolizam. Mišići su kao „spužva za ugljikohidrate“ jer su upravo oni najbolja hrana za punjenje mišića - brzo raspoloživo gorivo. Masti također mogu poslužiti kao gorivo za mišiće. Primarni su energetski izvor u slučaju mirovanja i treninga laganog intenziteta. Najbolja sportska prehrana sadrži adekvatne) količine proteina koji sudjeluju u izgradnji i popravku mišićnog tkiva, proizvodnji hormona te stjecanju imuniteta. Nakon vježbanja proteini pomažu u pojačavanju zamjene glikogena stimuliranjem akcije inzulina, dok aminokiseline iz proteina pomažu proces izgradnje i oporavka mišića. Vitamine možemo podijeliti u dvije skupine: topljivi u masti (A,D,E i K) te topljivi u vodi (B kompleks i C vitamin). Ako su zalihe vitamina i opskrba adekvatni, sportašima se ne preporučuje dodatno uzimanje vitamina. Od značajnijih minerala su željezo, cink i krom. Jedna od najvažnijih stvari kod sportaša je dovoljan unos vode i odgovarajuća hidratacija. Optimalna hidratacija sprječava brzo zamaranje, prekomjerno zagrijavanje tijela te prevenira grčeve. U današnje vrijeme korištenje različitih dodataka prehrani postaje sve modernije. Važno je napomenuti da dodatak prehrani nije nadomjestak ili zamjena uravnoteženoj prehrani, već dopuna prehrani!
Keywordsathletes micronutrients macronutrients
Parallel title (English)Nutrition of sportsmen
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Food Technology
Food Safety and Quality
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeFood Technology
Academic title abbreviationuniv. bacc. ing. techn. aliment.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2014-09-30
Parallel abstract (English)
To perform physical activity one needs basic nutrients like carbohydrates and fat which are used as fuel, proteins for muscle growth and conditioning, vitamins and minerals for metabolism and tissue construction support and water as medium in which metabolism occurs. Muscles are like „carbohydrates sponge“ because carbohydrates are the best food for muscle filling-quick fuel. Fat as well can serve as muscle fuel source. They are primary energy source in case of inactivity or low intensity training. The best sports diet contains adequate protein amounts which are involved in muscle tissue growth and repair, hormone production and immunity improvement. After workout, proteins stimulate insulin actions which leads to higher glycogen replacement, while amino acids from proteins help in muscle growth and repair. Vitamins can be devided in two groups: fat-soluble (A,D,E and K) and water-soluble (B complex and C). If vitamin supplies are adequate, it is not recommended for athletes to take additional vitamins. Among significant minerals are iron, zinc and chromium. One of the most important things for athletes is adequate hydration. Optimal hydration prevents quick fatique on exertion, body overheating and cramps. Diet supplements are very popular these days. It is impertant to note that supplements are not substitutes to balanced diet but addition to it!
Parallel keywords (Croatian)sportaši makronutijenti mikronutrijenti
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:109:421255
CommitterSanda Hasenay