undergraduate thesis
Food and mental possibilities

Ivana Vukoje (2014)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Department of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
Metadata
TitleHrana i mentalne sposobnosti : završni rad
AuthorIvana Vukoje
Mentor(s)Milena Mandić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Znanstvenici dokazuju da ono što je u hrani koju jedemo može utjecati na kemijski sastav i funkciju našeg mozga i naše raspoloženje. Prehrana može utjecati na naše mentalne sposobnosti, uključujući i našu budnost te na našu sposobnost promijene proizvodnje ili otpuštanja neurotransmitera, kemijskih glasnika koji nose informacije od jedne živčane stanice do druge. Hrana se sastoji od više nego jednog nutrijenta i kako ti različiti nutrijenti međusobno reagiraju utjecat će na proizvodnju i otpuštanje neurotransmitera. Konzumacija nutrijenata (biološki aktivne tvari), u obliku hrane, utječe na kemiju tijela koja, pak, utječe na kemiju mozga i njegovu funkciju. Živčani impulsi uglavnom su rezultat razmjene natrija i kalija, ali i brojne druge tvari kao minerali (željezo, cink, selen), složeni ugljikohidrati, aminokiseline (triptofan i tirozin), masne kiseline, posebice omega - 3 masne kiseline, proteini, vitamini, posebice vitamini B6, B12 i folna kiselina, i kombinacija vitamina A, C, D i E i antioksidansi poput kvercetina, utječu na propusnost stanične membrane, metabolizam neurotransmitera i glija stanica koje pružaju strukturnu i prehrambenu podršku neuronima. Osjetljiva kemijska ravnoteža u mozgu donekle je zaštićena krvno - moždanom barijerom koja ograničava ulazak određenih kemikalija u mozak putem krvi. Ipak, mozak je vrlo osjetljiv na promjene u kemiji tijela koje proizlaze iz unosa nutrijenata i njihovih nedostataka. Mozak prima, pohranjuje i integrira senzorske informacije te inicira i nadzire motoričke reakcije. Ove funkcije odgovaraju mentalnim aktivnostima i čine temelj za čovjekovo ponašanje. Dakle, postoji izravna veza između prehrane, funkcije mozga i ponašanja.
Keywordsneurotransmitters nutrition macronutrients micronutrients brain function
Parallel title (English)Food and mental possibilities
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Food Technology
Food Safety and Quality
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeFood Technology
Academic title abbreviationuniv. bacc. ing. techn. aliment.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2014-05-09
Parallel abstract (English)
Scientists are proving that what is in the foods we eat can affect the chemical composition of our brain and our mood. Nutrition can affect our cognitive possibilities, including our alertness and our ability to alter the production or release of neurotransmitters, the chemical messangers that carry information from one nerve cell to another. Foods are made up of more than one nutrient, and how these different nutrients interact will affect the production and release of neurotransmitters. The consumption of nutrients (biologically active chemicals), in the form of foods, affects body chemistry which, in turn, affects brain chemistry and function. Neural impulses are largely the result of sodium and potassium exchange, but numerous other such as minerals (iron, selenium and zinc), complex carbohydrates, amino acids (tryptophan and tyrosine), fatty acids, particularly omega - 3 fatty acids, proteins, vitamins, notably vitamins B6, B12, and folic acid, and combination of vitamins A, C, D and E and antioxidants such as quercetin, affect cell membrane permeability, neurotransmitter metabolism and the glial cells that provide structural and nutritional support to neurons. The delicate chemical balance of the brain is somewhat protected by the blood – brain barrier, which restricts entry of certain chemicals to the brain via the blood. Nevertheless, the brain is highly susceptible to changes in body chemistry resulting from nutrient intake and deficiency. The brain receives, stores and integrates sensory information and initiates and controls motor responses. These functions correspond to mental activities and form the basis for behaviour. Thus, theoretically, there is a direct connection between nutrition, brain function and behaviour.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)neurotransmiteri prehrana makronutijenti mikronutrijenti funkcija mozga
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:109:726495
CommitterSanda Hasenay