professional thesis
Nutritional knowledge and dietary habits survey in high school population

Dragana Milosavljević (2010)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Department of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
Metadata
TitleIspitivanje znanja o prehrani i prehrambenih navika srednjoškolske populacije
AuthorDragana Milosavljević
Mentor(s)Milena Mandić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Adolescencija je ključan period u životu kada se formiraju prehrambene navike koje traju cijeli život, te je bitno da se upravo u tom periodu usvoje zdrave prehrambene navike. Cilj ovog rada bio je dobivanje podataka o prehrambenim navikama i znanju o prehrani adolescenata ispunjavanjem upitnika. Ispitano je 117 adolescenata u dobi od 17-19 godina. Upitnik su ispunjavali samostalno i anonimno. Upitnik je započet sa pitanjima o dobi, spolu, tjelesnoj masi, visini i životnoj sredini. Rezultati pokazuju da četiri petine ispitanika ima poželjnu tjelesnu masu, dok je jedna petina nepravilno uhranjenih. Drugo poglavlje obrađuje znanja o određenim vitaminima i nutrijentima, te poznavanje preporuka za prehranu. 18,8 % ispitanika je pokazalo nezadovoljavajuće znanje, 53,0 % djelomično i 28,2 % zadovoljavajuće znanje. Poglavlje izvori nutrijenata je imalo za cilj pokazati kako naši ispitanici povezuju određene namirnice i nutrijente. Ispitanici su postigli slijedeće rezultate: nezadovoljavajuće (24,8 %), djelomično (47,0 %) i zadovoljavajuće znanje (28,2 %). S obzirom na sve učestalije dokaze povezanosti prehrane sa bolestima, poglavlje tri je ispitivalo znanje ispitanika o toj vezi. Zadovoljavajuće znanje je pokazalo 29,1 % ispitanika, djelomično znanje je pokazalo 45,3 % ispitanika, a 25,6 % ispitanika je pokazalo nezadovoljavajuće znanje. Poglavlje o prehrambenim navikama uključivalo je pitanja o učestalosti konzumacije pojedinih vrsta hrane, broju obroka, konzumaciji doručka, sklonosti dijetama, korištenju suplemenata, te izvoru informacija o hrani i prehrani. Dobiveni podaci ukazuju na drastično nizak postotak konzumacije doručka, nedostatnu konzumaciju ribe, voća i povrća u odnosu na preporuke, visoku konzumaciju mesa i mesnih prerađevina, gaziranih napitaka, slatkiša i kolača. Dobiveni podaci su u skladu sa sličnim ispitivanjima koja pokazuju da je trend globalizacije prisutan kod adolescenata širom Europe i SAD-a. Iz rada je vidljivo da je potrebna edukacija o odabiru hrane i pravilnoj prehrani, te promicanju zdravih navika u adolescentskoj populaciji.
Keywordsnutrition adolescents
Parallel title (English)Nutritional knowledge and dietary habits survey in high school population
Committee MembersDaniela Čačić Kenjerić
Milena Mandić
Antonija Perl Pirički
Ljiljana Primorac
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Food Technology
Food Safety and Quality
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelpostgraduate specialist
Study programmeFood Safety and Quality
Academic title abbreviationuniv. spec. techn. aliment.
Genreprofessional thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2010-02-04
Parallel abstract (English)
Adolescence is a crucial period in forming life long lasting dietary habits, so it is crucial that they make right choice and adopt healthy dietary habits. Aim of this paper is obtaining nutritional knowledge and dietary habits data in adolescent using newly designed questionnaire. The sample included 117 adolescents aged from 17-19 years. Questionnaire was selfadministered and anonymous. It started with general questions about age, gender, body mass, height and environment (urban or rural). 80.0% have desirable body mass index, and about 20.0% have body mass index under or above desirable. Second chapter deals with knowledge about vitamins, nutrients and recommendations. 18.8% of participants have showed unsatisfactory knowledge, 53.0% partially and 28.2% satisfactory knowledge. Chapter about source of nutrients had purpose to show how good participants connect certain food with certain nutrient. Result was as it follows: unsatisfactory (24.8%), partially (47.0%) and satisfactory knowledge (25.2%). In consideration of growing evidence about diet and disease relationship, third chapter questioned participants knowledge about that relationship. Result was as it follows: unsatisfactory (25.6%), partially (45.3%) and satisfactory knowledge (29.1%). Food habits chapter included question’s about frequency of consuming food, number of meals, breakfast skipping, weight lost dieting, supplements use and about source of food and nutrition information’s. The results showed drastically low breakfast consumption, low consumption of fish, fruit and vegetables in regard to recommendations, high consumption of meat and meat product, carbonized beverages and sweets. Collected data shows similarity with other research in Europe and North America that confirms strong influence of globalization. It is obvious need in increasing nutritional knowledge and further action in promoting healthy dietary habits in adolescents.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)prehrana nutricionizam adolescenti
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:109:951197
CommitterSanda Hasenay