professional thesis
Nutrition and lifestyle habits of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Baranja region

Darija Kajtar (2015)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Department of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
Metadata
TitlePrehrana i životne navike oboljelih od dijabetesa tipa 2 na području Baranje
AuthorDarija Kajtar
Mentor(s)Ines Banjari (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Dijabetes tipa 2 (diabetes melitus tip 2, DMT2) jedna je od najraširenijih endokrinoloških bolesti u svijetu, a zajedno sa svojim kroničnim komplikacijama spada među najvažnije uzročnike mortaliteta i morbiditeta u svijetu. U Hrvatskoj 6,1 % odrasle populacije živi s DMT2. Danas standardna medicinska skrb za osobu s DMT2 uz medikamentnu terapiju uključuje i edukaciju o prehrani i redovitoj tjelesnoj aktivnosti. Cilj rada bio je istražiti prehranu i životne navike, razinu kontrole i učestalost komplikacija među oboljelima od DMT2 na području Baranje, te u kojoj se mjeri pridržavaju preporuka o prehrani i utječe li i u kojoj mjeri dijagnoza DMT2 na kvalitetu njihovog života. Devedeset osoba s dijagnozom DMT2, prosječne starosti 67 ± 10,9 godina (34 do 87 godina, 44,5 % muškaraca, 55,5 % žena), koji žive u ruralnoj sredini (92,2 %) i umirovljeni su (74,4 %) ispunilo je anketu specifično kreiranu za potrebe ovog istraživanja. Ispitanici su imali lošu kontrolu glikemije (70,6 % prema kriteriju glukoze), 81,1 % ima povećani indeks tjelesne mase, akutne komplikacije su prisutne kod 63,3 % ispitanika, a kronične kod 53,3 %. Preporuke o prehrani se ne pridržava 62,2 % ispitanika, ali 74,4 % iskazuje interes za dodatnom edukcijom o prehrani. Osobe koje su bile educirane o prehrani imaju bolju prehranu (p<0,001), bolji društveni život (p<0,001) i bolje psihofizičko stanje (p=0,004), uz bolji subjektivni doživljaj ukupne kvalitete života. Dobiveni rezultati pokazuju jasan pozitivan utjecaj edukacije dijabetičara, a ljekarne bi se trebale razmotriti kao potencijalna mjesta za edukaciju, posebice za osobe starije životne dobi, koji žive u ruralnim sredinama.
Keywordsdiabetes mellitus nutrition Baranja
Parallel title (English)Nutrition and lifestyle habits of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Baranja region
Committee MembersDaniela Čačić Kenjerić (committee chairperson)
Ines Banjari (committee member)
Ivica Strelec (committee member)
Ivana Flanjak (committee member)
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
FACULTY OF FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Food and Nutrition Research
Sub-department of Nutrition
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Food Technology
Food Safety and Quality
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelpostgraduate specialist
Study programmeNutrition
Academic title abbreviationuniv. spec. nutr.
Genreprofessional thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015-12-23
Parallel abstract (English)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DMT2) is one of the most common endocrinological diseases around the world, and together with its chronic complications represents the main cause of morbidity and mortality around the globe. In Croatia 6.1 % of adult population live with DMT2. Today, standard medical care for a person diagnosed with DMT2 together with medications includes education on diet and regular physical activity. The aim was to analyze diet and lifestyle habits, level of control and frequency of complications among DMT2 patients from Baranja region, and in what level do they adhere to recommended diet and if the DMT2 diagnosis affects their life quality. Ninety adults diagnosed with DMT2, average age 67 ± 10.9 years (44.5 % males, 55.5 % females), living in rural areas (92.2 %) and retired (74.4 %) filled in a study-specific questionnaire. Study participants had badly controlled glycaemia (70.6 % according to blood glucose criteria), 81.1 % have increased body mass index, acute complications are presented in 63.3 % of participants, and chronic in 53.3 %. Dietary recommendations are not followed by 62.2 % of participants, but 74.4 % said they are interested in additional education on diet. Participants who were educated on diet have diet of better quality (p<0.001), better social life (p<0.001) and better psychophysical state (p=0.004), with better subjective impress of total quality of life. The results show clear positive influence that the education of diabetic patients has, and pharmacies should be considered as potential places for education, especially for elderly, and people living in rural areas.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)diabetes mellitus prehrana Baranja
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:109:850752
CommitterIvana Šuvak